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Medical coding statistics and how it helps improve public health

Medical coding is like translation. People who write a medical code accept medical reports and convert them into a code set. These codes play a big role in the medical claim. In this article, we will look at medical coding and related statistics. Read on to learn more.

Reason for coding medical reports

You may be wondering why we need to encode medical reports. Is it not enough just to describe the diagnoses, symptoms and procedures? After all, these reports can be sent to the insurance company.

More than 1.4 billion patients have been admitted to hospitals in the last 12 months, according to reports released by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). This includes patients visiting emergency rooms, dispensaries and physicians’ offices.

Suppose there are only 5 encoded data per visit. This would be a huge amount of 6 billion pieces of information that a specialist would need to pass on each year. However, this rating is unrealistically low. Thus, medical coding makes it easier to transfer large amounts of data.

In addition, coding helps distribute the same documents across different medical facilities. For example, the STREP throat code is the same if you are in Hawaii or Arkansas. With the same data, you can efficiently conduct research and analysis. Health and government agencies use information to monitor health trends. For example, if the CDC needs to analyze the spread of viral pneumonia, the ICD-10-CM code can help them.

Finally, coding helps determine if the treatment is effective. In fact, this is much more important for large institutions such as hospitals.

Now we should go ahead and learn more about the 3 types of codes. If you are a medical coder, you will find this information quite useful.

Three types of code


The ICD is short for the International Classification of Diseases. These diagnostic codes provide a uniform vocabulary describing the possible causes of death, illness, or injury. This code was established by the World Health Organization (WHO) in the 1940s. It has been reviewed many times over the past 60 years.

These codes help to indicate the diagnosis and the patient’s condition. During the billing process, these codes help professionals determine the need for medical treatment.


CPT is the terminology of the current procedure. These codes are used to document most medical procedures in the doctor’s office. The American Medical Association (AMA) has published and maintained this code. So, AMA reserves the copyright and updates the codes annually.


HCPCS refers to a common coding system for healthcare procedures. It is also known as Hick Picks. In particular, the HCPCS codes refer to equipment, procedures, and services not covered by the CPT codes, including drugs, drugs, ambulance rides, prosthetics, and medical equipment.

So, this was an introduction to medical coding. I hope you find this guide useful.